Michał Figura from the Association for Nature "Wolf" conducted second workshop for kids and their parents in Western Carpathian Mountains. Event was organized within a frame of the project "Kids on the track", conducted by the Centre of Promotion of the Węgierska Górka Community.
Third meeting of the Central European Wolf Consortium was held in Museum of Natural History Görlitz (Germany). Meeting was attended by wolf experts from Poland (dr Sabina Nowak and dr Robert Mysłajek), Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, Czechia and Austria. CEwolf is an international consortium that cooperates on population genetic research of wolves in Central Europe, and our society is part of it from its start.
First day of the spring was a good opportunity for the wolf lecture, which was performed by our member Jerzy Napierała, together with wildlife photographer Szymon Cybulski. Jerzy and Szymon gave a lecture for kids from Elementary School in Kcynia (central Poland), situated near forests recently recolonized by wolves.
Sabina Nowak and Michał Figura from the Association for Nature "Wolf" attended meeting dedicated to elaboration of management plans for two Natura 2000 sites - Beskid Śląski (PLH240005) and Beskid Mały (PLH240023) - situated in western Carpathian Mountains (S Poland). Both areas are inhabited by wolves, lynx, and brown bears. Their populations are monitored within a frame of projects conducted by our society.
Dr. Sabina Nowak and Dr. Robert Mysłajek investigated the number, distribution and human-caused mortality of wolves in western Poland during different management regimes. Results of the study just appeared in the scientific journal "Applied Ecology and Environmental Research". During intensive eradication (1951-1974) at least 49 wolves were exterminated (on average 2.6 wolves per year), and the species was reported in up to 4 forests per year (mean 1.7), but most of the family groups bred only once before being killed. Under hunting management (1975-1997) wolves were recorded in 1-4 forests per year (mean 3.1). Most of them did not breed or bred only once before they were harvested in the first year after detection. During this time period at least 70 individuals were harvested (on average 3.0 wolves per year). After the wolf became a protected species in 1998, the number of wolf groups increased to 30 in winter 2012/2013, while the number of forests inhabited by wolves increased to 14. Our study provides further confirmation that recreational hunting conducted in populations of wolves living far from a source of immigrants, in areas heavily altered by humans, where access by hunters to the most distant refuges is enabled by a dense network of forest roads, has a detrimental impact on wolf survival comparable to the effects of systematic eradication. We recommend that management plans for such subpopulations should be preceded by careful analysis of population viability and connectivity with source populations.